Swami Vivekananda had said that we will remember the sacrifice and sacrifice of our ancestors, only then we will be able to do true service to Mother India. There is an eternal tradition of Shradh in Tee culture so that we can express our respect and gratitude towards the ancestors.
Aiming at the ancestors, the devotion-devotion for their hunger-retirement and the water donation (tarpan) done for the purpose of pind-dan and trisha-retirement is called 'Shraadh'. Providing it to the ancestors is considered the duty of every human in the texts. Especially once in a year when the Mahalaya festival starts, then this act is definitely doable. This Ashwin month occurs from Pratipada of Krishna Paksha to Amavasya Tithi. Acharya Hemadri is of the opinion that it should be observed from Bhadrapada Purnima to Amavasya. In 'Mahalaya', Mah says that the festival of ancestors is bright and Aalaya means home, that is, the day of celebration of ancestors has been called 'Mahalay'. According to Garuda Purana - the place of ancestors is greater than that of the gods. It is considered necessary to do Pitra work before worshiping the deities. In the scriptures, seven have been considered as the prime among the infinite number of ancestors – Sukala, Angiras, Suswadha, Soma, Vairaja, Agnishvata and Barhishad. These are divine ancestors. Their rulers are Aditya, Rudra and Vasu.
It is believed that as soon as they remember, they come near the doer and after taking Shradh, they increase their lineage. Even if his ancestors have attained Moksha, even then the Shradh performed for him becomes enshrined in Vasu, Rudra and Aditya and it is attained in the form of Somatattva (Amritanna) to the doer only after death. Skanda Purana says that even if Shradh cannot be performed in proper time, then by offering Brahmin food and dakshina after performing Shradh as far as possible, the Shradh is completed and ancestors are pleased. Why is there a need for a Brahmin in Shraddhanna? In this regard, the Vedas believe that Brahman and Agni are siblings. Both originated from the mouth of the Virat Purush. Brahmanosymukhamasid and Mukhadagnirajayat. The fire carries the offerings to the deities and the offerings made in the mouth of the brahmins are the reason for the satisfaction of the ancestors. After the death of King Dasharatha, Bharata duly made abundant donations by performing rituals like Shradh, Tarpan etc. Lord Shri Ram went to the banks of Mandakini river on the information of his father's death in Chitrakoot and performed all the rituals related to Shradh, Tarpan as said in the Vedas - 'Kari Pitu Kriya Veda Jas Varni.' (Manas, Ayodhya Kand 247) Valmiki Ramayana 2/103 also states that at the behest of Sumant ji, Shri Ram donated a pind to the father on the banks of Mandakini. Lord Krishna had duly performed the Shradh of his sister Subhadra's son Abhimanyu.
It has been described in Mahabharata Ashwamedhi Parva Adhyay 62 and Shantiparva Adhyay 42 that Dharmaraja Yudhishthira performed the funeral rituals of Bhishma, Drona, Duryodhana, Karna, etc., along with all the warriors who died in the Mahabharata war, after performing tarpan by each name of the Prapa (Pow) reservoir, building. , Assembly etc. According to Harivansh Purana, once Bhishma Pitamah was performing Shradh for his father Shantanu. At that time the hand of the father came out from the wrist and the sound came, put the body on my hand. Bhishma Pitamah recognized the father's hand, but could not decide for a moment in prudence, then asked the Acharyas who performed the Shradh whether to keep the body on the father's hand or on Kush. Acharyas ordered that it should be kept on Kush only, then Bhishma ji thought that if I keep it on the hand of the father, then all the people who will perform Shradh in future will say that when the hand of the father comes out, then I will give the pind. In this way only Shradh Karma will be finished, so it is expedient to keep it on Kush and do the same. Seeing his devotion, the father gave a boon that now death will be under your control. Only when you wish, death can touch you. It is mentioned in the Anusana Parva of Mahabharata that at the time of Mahalaya, the ancestors expect the soulmates to receive Shradh on the original date. Therefore Meghatithi and Valmiki say that many sons should be expected, among them there will be one son who will go to Gaya and perform Shradh. The result of performing Shradh is also different in each Nakshatra. Shradh of those who have died of weapons, poison, fire or premature death should be done on Chaturdashi Tithi. There are fifteen Muhurtas in any given day.
On the day of Shradh, starting from the eighth Muhurta, the Shradh should be completed till the 12th Muhurta. If the day is the date of Shradh and it is two days, then when the full date is in the afternoon, then do it. If many die in one date, then Shradh should be performed in the order of death. The tarpan performed at the time of Shradh is different from the daily tarpan. If for some reason Shradh cannot be performed in Mahalaya, then it should be done on the day of Kartik Krishna Amavasya (Deepawali) or on Ashwin Shukla Panchami or Vrischika Sankranti. If there is any fast on the day of Shradh, then do Shradh with fruits. Although the number of Shradhs is also more, yet Nitya, Naimittik, Kamya, Vriddhi and Parvana are said to be the main ones. Apart from these, 96 types of Shradh have been called Goshthi Shradh, Shuddhi Shradh, Divine Shradh, Pushti Shradh, Yatra Shradh etc. There is also a Sanghat Shradh, which is also known as a group Shradh. This is done when a large number of simultaneous accidents, massacres, earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes, tsunamis or epidemics kill many people at once, then their descendants, sutra gotras, at any time on that date. The Shradh of the whole is performed by the people or any human being with a pure heart with devotion and devotion. There are three debts mentioned in the scriptures,