Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born on the Purnima Tithi (Full Moon day) in the month of Vaishakh. However, since the traditional calendar is determined as per the Lunar cycle, the date varies annually in the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, read on to know the Buddh Purnima 2022 date.
This year, Buddha Purnima will be celebrated on May 16.
The Purnima Tithi will remain in effect from 12:45 PM on May 15 to 9:43 AM on May 16.
Legends suggest that Siddhartha Gautama (Gautam Buddha) was born to King Suddhodana and Mayadevi in Lumbini (now in Nepal). He grew up in Kapilavastu in a luxurious palace. However, he relinquished materialistic pleasures and extravagances at a very young age. Subsequently, he searched for the eternal truth after witnessing human sufferings (fundamental yet bitter realities of life). Thus, Siddhartha, born into a royal family, became the enlightened one.
He attained knowledge while meditating under a Banyan tree and this divine wisdom transcended the material world. Years later, Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath after attaining enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. It is said that Buddha travelled from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath five weeks after getting enlightened. Interestingly, Buddha’s five ascetic disciples, Panchavargika, travelled to Ṛṣipatana (Rishipatana) in Sarnath even when Gautama Buddha was in Uruvilva (Bodh Gaya).
After attaining enlightenment, Buddha proceeded toward Sarnath to give his first sermon.Therefore, Buddhists worldwide observe Buddha Purnima to pay tributes to one of the greatest advocates of peace, brotherhood and harmony.