Arranged marriages have been the norm in India for centuries. Now online dating sites, the ‘marriage market’ and changing social norms have seen matchmaking services evolve – especially for Indian expats in Europe, writes Shabnam Surita.
To address this change, many matrimony professionals are opting for new methods and offering alternative approaches to matchmaking, allowing people to have comparatively more control over their choice of relationship than their family or society.
MATCHMAKING in India has undergone an image makeover in the last two decades and pop culture has contributed to legitimizing it as a profession. One such example is the recent Netflix series ‘Indian Matchmaking.’ Here, matchmaker ‘Seema Aunty’ is shown matching affluent Indians living and working in the US.
Originally from Mumbai and today living in Europe, Malaika Neri works as a relationship consultant, helping ambitious professionals, from India, the US, UK and Europe, find love, and hopefully marriage. Rather than tight deadlines, Neri prefers to deal with committed individuals looking for matching lifestyles and values in their partners.
Indian clients from Europe are different from those from the US, she says, and that leads to different relationship needs.
Many of the people Neri works with are from smaller Indian cities, often ‘the first in their family to go to university, and [they] come from middle class backgrounds. They come from families where arranged marriage has been the norm for centuries,’ she says. ‘Dating is taboo, and often they do not necessarily have any experience of meeting and dating the European way. So suddenly they find that finding a partner in cities like Stockholm or London is incredibly overwhelming, because they have little to no experience dating.’
Consumers of ‘arranged marriage’
TO UNDERSTAND how Indian expats perceive arranged marriages in Germany, one of the European countries with the largest Indian diaspora populations, DW reached out to groups on social media. A number of people responded, including Rashmi*.
Rashmi’s husband’s family had been living in Germany for around 60 years and when the time came to look for a suitable bride for their son, his family put up an advertisement on Anandabazar Patrika, India’s leading Bengali-language newspaper.
Rashmi’s mother chanced upon the advertisement and contacted the family. As a result, Rashmi got married and moved to Germany to join her husband. She told DW that friends of her husband had similar stories of having found their partners this way.
However most Indian expats DW spoke to said they found their partners online, on matrimonial websites meant for Indians. One such website is Bharat Matrimony, which has regional offshoots to cater to customers with a specific mother tongue, religion or caste.
Preethi* met her husband on Kerala Matrimony, one such website, where most members create their own profiles rather than having one created for them by parents or relatives. For Preethi, the process worked well as she spent a lot of time getting to know her partner before taking the plunge.
‘For me it was clear — I get along with this person,’ she said. ‘We have our priorities matching. And he was the kind of person I would have loved to find in a love marriage.’
According to Preethi, these sorts of services can also help introverts, people with no prior relationship experience or anybody pressed for time to find partners.
Managing cultural baggage
FINDING companionship in a foreign land isn’t the only reason why expats go to matchmakers like Neri. Often, the societal pressure to get married and bear children is so strong that people set strict deadlines for matchmakers.And then there are also caste or religious boundaries, which families advise their children to stick to while choosing partners. Rashmi told DW about Indian families in Germany using the diaspora networks to arrange matches for their children, from families with a ‘similar background.’
Malaika Neri’s clients also sometimes express these preferences.
‘A vast majority of my clients come from backgrounds where caste and community are the top drivers of your choice of life partner,’ she noted. ‘But I was raised in a household where caste was never mentioned. I have people reaching out to me asking for a caste-based match. To them I say that I am not the right person to help. There are other matchmakers who offer services based on caste, but just a matching caste or a matching horoscope do not make a happy marriage.’
Indian marriage market
THE online matrimony market in India has doubled in size over the last five years and is today estimated to be worth around $260 million (€255 million), according to a study by Google and the consultancy KPMG in India.
Consultant psychologist Anuttama Banerjee has also noticed this trend in India and finds it intriguing that Indian individuals using the dating sites ‘claim agency’ even while making more pragmatic decisions about arranged marriage.
Beyond giving control to individuals, the matrimony websites are also ‘money-making businesses,’ says Hamburg resident Neerja*. In fact, memberships are cheaper if one applies ‘from India as compared to when made from the UK or the US,’ she said.
The unavoidable correlation between the marriage market and human relationships is something that Banerjee draws attention to.
For her, ‘it is somewhat concerning that people are compelled to give their time for work rather than organically exploring relationships. And then they compensate for this loss of time by outsourcing the solutions, which in this case, is a relationship.’